Peggy Study, Panel P077 Themes: A “Bouncy” Cushion, MRL & GPL Reading, Beanbags and Objects being Put-on Source: (Lawler); date: 7/15/1979 Title: Rubber Cushion; Reading; Pre-Counting Text commentary: The rubber cushion as a “new” kind of object/medium; all this reading is strange; why was it done? P77A Beanbags & Stools, 16mb P77B1 Standard Objects, 6.8mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P076 Themes: Objects & Pre-Counting, “Soccer”, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 7/10/1979 Title: Pre-Counting, Text commentary: Pre-Counting in ZPD; Precursor of later development. P76A1 Pre-Counting w/Bob, 18mb P76A2 Pre-Counting w/GPL, 24mb P76A3 Pre-Counting w/GPL, 37mb P76B “Soccer” w/Miriam, 6.1mb P76C1 Standard Objects, 24mb P76C2 Standard Objects, 31mb


Peggy Study, Panel P068 Themes: Sibling Play, Reading w/GPL, Objects w/GPL Source: (Lawler); date: 5/13/1979 Title: More Time for Mom Text commentary: P68 shows more interaction with Mom. P68A Playing with Miriam, 27mb P68B1 Reading w/GPL, 38mb P68B2 Reading w/GPL, 26mb P68B3 Reading w/GPL, 10mb P68C1 Objects w/GPL, 17mb P68C2 Objects w/GPL, 27mb


Peggy Study, Panel P066 Themes: Toys & Blocks, Sibling and Parent Interactions, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 4/30/1979 Title: ? Text commentary: These clips show Peggy’s interest driving activity; ZPD & self-construction P66A Doll, ToyDog, Blocks, 24mb P66B Blocks and Stool, 9.6mb P66C w/Sib & GPL, 22mb P66D1 Reading w/GPL, 21mb P66D2 Reading w/GPL, 29mb …

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LC3cA35 The Genesis of Symbolic Thought Learning, in General Let us begin by going beyond a “stimulus-response” couple to a stimulus-response arc. That “arc,” represented as a link between input and output (more generally stimulus — which may be entirely interior — and response — which may be entirely interior) is the site for attachment …

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3V0502.02 Pure verbal interpretation overwhelms context: 6/08/79 Pick up Foxy The older children have a bad habit (likely picked up from me) of dropping wherever they are whatever they have no further need of. when I try to get them to pick up after themselves they complain “I didn’t have that” or “Shouldn’t (the other …

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3V0495.02 Pretending; incorrect choice as a joke (6/01/79) Late in the afternoon I found myself waiting at home for two telephone calls while Gretchen took the cub scouts on a trip. Peggy played in my care and during the hour and more the following incidents occurred: Pretending: Peggy of pulls dishes and other utensils from …

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3V0492.01 New Car Seat Opens up Peggy’s World (5/29/79) Ever since the children got some real bargains at a tag sale last summer, they have been followers of local tag sales. They take whatever cash they can scrape up and spend it all, giving away their loot in case they can not imagine a use …

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LC1bT20 Protocol 20 Included Text Pages Included Materials None


LC1bT15 Protocol 15 Included Text Pages Included Materials None


LC1bT13 Protocol 13 Included Text Pages (7) Included Materials (6) Figure 1 Addendum 1 Addendum 2 Addendum 3 Addendum 4 Addendum 5


LC1bT11 Protocol 11 Included Text Pages (2) Included Materials None


LC1bT09 Protocol 9 Included Text Pages (2) Included Materials (5)


LC1bT06 Protocol 6 Included Text Pages (2) Included Materials (2)


LC1bT02 Protocol 2 Included Text Pages (2) Discussion Protocol 2.1 Included Materials (3)

LC1b Text

LC1b Text Comments: Source materials This material consists of 21 protocols, primarily transcripts from audio recordings, some of which have been absorbed directly into the chapter “Sketches of Natural Learning,” and others used in “The Development of Objectives.” Some are in character more like the Vignettes of The Intimate Study, which derived from them. All …

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Vn117.1 Playing Both Sides 1/14/78 Relevance These data establish that when Miriam plays against herself she does not use the games merely for easy satisfaction of a certain win. Game 3 is especially striking in that it shows the unusual side opening Miriam rarely used before the table-turning sequence for the game of form X …

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Vn114.1 The Game Goes Ever On 12/28 & 29/77 Relevance In the first incident, Miriam invents the idea of opening advantage for “Tic Tac Toe two in a row.” I believe this is connected to her introduction to Hexapawn (a pawn capture gain played on a 3×3 board) as a reduced form of chess, and …

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Vn106.1 Tic Tac Toe and Nim 10/22/77 Relevance Miriam’s Tic Tac Toe play shows an opening game played only with Glenn before and some surprising rigidity. When we play a subtraction arithmetic form of Nim, Miriam adduces “going second” as the efficient cause of her winning game 2. This appears to be as a consequence …

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Vn107.1 Self-Understanding 10/22/77 My cousin’s wedding has been a day of reconciliations, of growing closer to family from whom I had been long and much estranged. After a late breakfast, we attended the wedding. I felt proud of Robby later when he told me the nicest part of the wedding was a piano-organ duet (‘Jesu, …

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Vn86.1 An Unexpected Test 9/8/77 Today, the children’s first day of school, was a tough one for me. The combination of a late arrival at Logo and logistics problems put our work under an unusual time pressure. Miriam was tired (and later said she wished she had taken a nap) and didn’t pursue with enthusiasm …

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Vignette 30.1 temporary upload Original Fair Copy, Scanned page 1 Original Fair Copy, Scanned page 2


Vn133.1 4/28/78-5/8 & 31/78 4/28 The calorie counting continues for me, and the adding for Miriam. The sum of Addendum 133 – 1 is interesting because of its error: the left justification of 3 and 4 digit addends in the same vertical grid. Despite this mal-arrangement, with its implication that the place-value basis of column …

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Vn132.1 BIG-SUMS Extension 4/21 & 22/78 4/21 “Oog. I’ve got to add all these big numbers.” So I called to Miriam’s attention a situation in which one could make use of the kinds of skills she had developed in adding multi-digit addends: I was summing the number of calories in my day’s diet. Miriam asked …

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Vn131.1 Miriam’s 7th Birthday 4/8 & 9/78 4/8/ Miriam began planning her birthday party several weeks ago. On the 3 x 5 cards of Addendum 131 – 1, she listed the friends to bo invited, the candy, and her selection of party games. The children were all from her class at school. The games are …

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Vn130.1 4/3 & 10, 11/78 4/3 Miriam noticed a sum in Home Session 7 as I worked on a paper and asked if she could do it. When I wrote the sum on the black board, Miriam added right to left with carries, thus: 1 3 7 4 1 + 2 5 3 0 _____________________ …

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Vn129.1 Robby Computes a Tax 4/5/78 Robby caught on fire again today. He approached me inquiring, “How much is half of 423?” Miriam responded to his question from the other room, “2 hundred and 11 and a half.” I told her to stop butting in and asked Robby how much was half of 400, then …

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Vn127.1 Moo Shu 3/19/78 There is an old joke of this simple script: Adult Do you know how to read Chinese? Child I don’t know. I’ve never tried. At lunch today I described to Miriam my lunch of yesterday at a Chinese restaurant — showing her then the take-out menu. As we looked at the …

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Vn126.1 Turtle on the Bed 3/14/78 This Saturday morning I sat in the reading alcove working away, and Miriam came to join me. Robby was downstairs and Gretchen out of the house. Miriam offered to sit in my lap, but I protested to being busy and turned her down. Miriam moped a little, then crawled …

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Vn124.1 Analogical Guidance 2/23/78 This evening at dinner, my family enjoyed a good time at the expense of Scurry, our Scotch terrier. Earlier in the day, Miriam had played tug with Scurry, the object of their contention a squeaking toy mouse she had given the dog. Scurry wrested the toy from Miriam and sat chew- …

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Vn123.1 Computation Finale 2/12 & 14/78 2/12 Since completing Vignette 121 (Double Perspectives) I have tried to engage Miriam in executing a difficult addition. My purpose was to introduce the idea of a simultaneous, double perspective as what one needs to appreciate carries by challenging her with a puzzle — “What number is 10 when …

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Vn122.1 Carrying Bugs 2/5/78 Invited to play at a friend’s house, Miriam waited for Gretchen to drive her there. During this vacuum of activity, I asked her if she remembered how to add with carries (cf. Home Session 23). Miriam reacted impatiently, as though it were foregone that she did. She agreed to solve a …

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Vn121.1 Double Perspectives 2/8/78 While school has been canceled this week due to the Blizzard of ’78, the children have spent a lot of time outside, playing on the snow mountains the plows and people have piled up. Inside much of the time, they have followed their own inclinations, playing the card game War, reading …

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Vn120.1 Designing a Box 1/26/78 Miriam approached me holding up a flat, cross-shaped piece of card- board about 13 inches long, marked as below, with this challenge: “Daddy, you’ll never guess what this is.” I gambled: “An airplane?” “No,” Miriam chuckled, “it’s a box, for a Valentine’s day present for you and Mommy.” Miriam showed …

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Vn119.1 Multiplying by Twenty 1/25/78 The children love to get mail and when an envelope comes addressed to them, to open it. Each has a bank account concerning which they receive annual earnings statements. The children opened their mail and puzzled over the contents — a statement of account number, social security number, and interest …

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Vn118.1 Introducing Peggy 1/26/78 The calculated arrival date for Peggy, our new daughter, was January 24th. Gretchen, because of her past experience with Robby and Miriam who were both late, did not expect the birth until the very end of January. This expectation was a source of some comfort over the past weekend (Jan. 20-22) …

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Vn116.1 Transferring a Good Trick 1/3/78 Miriam, not imagining yet that she will one way or another make a living, sees her best hope of getting a lot of money as inheriting my money. Thus my impending demise is a subject on her mind and one that involves her in computations. At lunch today: Miriam …

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Vn113.1 Steady State 12/8/77 A few nights ago, Miriam approached me: “Dad, why do we have to spend 6 hours in school every day?” “Why do you ask?” I countered. Miriam continued, “It sure is a long time.” When I first asked what was the problem, the answer came back that the work was too …

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Vn112.1 How Her Teacher Sees Miriam 12/7/77 Miriam’s teacher, Sue, sees her as a special child in several ways. Her surprise at Miriam’s easy solution of class inclusion problems (cf. Vignette 90, Meeting Miriam’s Teacher) shows she had reason outside of anything I told her in our first meeting. She learned of Miriam’s continuing work …

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Vn111.1 Swears 11/30/77 A few days ago I sat at a terminal with Miriam at the Children’s Learning Lab. In response to the “login” request, Miriam typed “FUCK” then turned to me and said, “Look, Daddy, I typed a swear.” I responded non-committally, “Oh yeah. Why don’t you hit new line and see if it …

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Vn110.1 Tic TacToe 10/30/77 & 11/12/77 10/30 When Robby and Miriam agreed to play tic-tac-toe together (intending to use Miriam’s ‘magic slate’ which would have left no record of their play), I suggested they play on the chalkboard in the reading alcove. Miriam was granted first move (letters). Game 1 | D | 2 3 …

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Vn109.1 Tic Tac Toe 10/4/77 These 5 games are revealing of Miriam’s knowledge and ignorance both. Game 2 reveals more of my failings than I am happy to admit, but its contrast with game 3 permits a central revelation of her thinking about tic-tac-toe. These two together show by how much good fortune (when it …

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Vn108.1 Miriam Doesn’t Stop 11/1/77 I have ceased collecting data for this project, have focused my attention on the data reduction problem, but Miriam keeps growing, making breakthrough after breakthrough. This afternoon, for example, I sat transcribing videotapes in the reading alcove. Miriam, waiting in place the ten minutes till Sesame Street should appear on …

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Vn105.1 Hotel Magee; Two Microworlds; Decadal Computation 10/20 & 27/77 10/20 With Robby’s introduction of WUMPUS to Miriam yesterday, the mechanically recorded sessions at Logo cease. Vignettes continue to round out and close off at natural stops various themes of the project. The sense of closing off the mechanical recording is that the project has …

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Vn104.1 Back to School 10/14/77 During the last days of our project experiments, I promised Miriam to visit her first grade class as I had visited in kindergarten. I had the mistaken impression that Miriam had arranged my visit with Ms. Fieman. The oversight proved to be no problem, for despite my beard and over-size …

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Vn103.1 Reprise 10/15/77 As we have attempted reducing Miriam’s cortisone dosage, she has again begun wheezing severely. Her problem was especially unfortunate today, for she had asked a friend to come visit. Lizzie is an energetic red-haired colleen of 6. At lunch she disclosed to Miriam and Robby all the problems they could expect with …

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Vn102.1 The Last Day 10/8/77 Both children and I had planned to spend another Saturday afternoon at the movies. For the past three weeks, we have spent our Saturdays watching Marx brothers movies (cf. Vignette 93). These last two weeks we have seen A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races; Animal …

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Vn101.1 The Death of Robin Hood 9/29/77 “Did Robin Hood really die in the charge of the Light Brigade?” This peculiar question of Miriam’s, rising from no external cue that I noticed, recurrently perplexes me. Its background is this. Months ago, Robby, Miriam, and I watched the movie “Robin Hood” wherein Errol Flynn performed at …

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Vn100.1 Arithmetic Ripples 9/26/77-10/2&7/77 9/26 Miriam tells me today was her first day of doing math at school. “But we did it differently there from what we [she and I] did here.” She explained that school math was playing with cuisiniere rods. I told her I thought that was great, and asked what she did …

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Vn99.1 Puns 9/26/77 At a recent visit to the library, Robby borrowed two books which both he andMiriam have read and re-read since then (cf. Vignettes 84 and 94). The first book is one of Knock-knock jokes, the second is one of riddles. I believe this second book broadened Miriam’s view of making jokes and …

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