Analysis: Mastery of the Ring Tower Puzzle The Ring Tower Puzzle was a member of the set of Standard Objects. The analysis is built to proceed in reverse chronological order, with this page serving as an index to the clipNotes to be written for each episode where the infant Peggy played with the Ring Tower …

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Summary Table of Standard Objects and their Uses: Objects Number Chosen for Peg’s Uses Rolling? Into/on-other Other-in/on? Detection Adoption Mastery Rings few throwable yes na na Rings few spotty roller yes na na Rings few ball holder na no yes Rings all putting-on rod no yes no Rings all=6+ putting-on cone putting-on cone no yes …

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Peggy Study, Panel P077 Themes: A “Bouncy” Cushion, MRL & GPL Reading, Beanbags and Objects being Put-on Source: (Lawler); date: 7/15/1979 Title: Rubber Cushion; Reading; Pre-Counting Text commentary: The rubber cushion as a “new” kind of object/medium; all this reading is strange; why was it done? P77A Beanbags & Stools, 16mb P77B1 Standard Objects, 6.8mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P076 Themes: Objects & Pre-Counting, “Soccer”, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 7/10/1979 Title: Pre-Counting, Text commentary: Pre-Counting in ZPD; Precursor of later development. P76A1 Pre-Counting w/Bob, 18mb P76A2 Pre-Counting w/GPL, 24mb P76A3 Pre-Counting w/GPL, 37mb P76B “Soccer” w/Miriam, 6.1mb P76C1 Standard Objects, 24mb P76C2 Standard Objects, 31mb


Peggy Study, Panel P068 Themes: Sibling Play, Reading w/GPL, Objects w/GPL Source: (Lawler); date: 5/13/1979 Title: More Time for Mom Text commentary: P68 shows more interaction with Mom. P68A Playing with Miriam, 27mb P68B1 Reading w/GPL, 38mb P68B2 Reading w/GPL, 26mb P68B3 Reading w/GPL, 10mb P68C1 Objects w/GPL, 17mb P68C2 Objects w/GPL, 27mb


Peggy Study, Panel P066 Themes: Toys & Blocks, Sibling and Parent Interactions, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 4/30/1979 Title: ? Text commentary: These clips show Peggy’s interest driving activity; ZPD & self-construction P66A Doll, ToyDog, Blocks, 24mb P66B Blocks and Stool, 9.6mb P66C w/Sib & GPL, 22mb P66D1 Reading w/GPL, 21mb P66D2 Reading w/GPL, 29mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P063 Themes: Playing with Blocks and a Stool; Reading; Standard Object Activity Source: (Lawler); date: 4/8/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P63A Blocks Play with GPL, 14mb P63B1 Reading with GPL, 27mb P63B2 Reading with GPL, 20mb P63C1 Standard Objects, 19mb P63C2 Standard Objects, 22mb P63D1 Objects …

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Peggy Study, Panel P061 Themes: Playing with Scurry (the dog), Reading with Mom, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 3/26/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show Scurry as companion;GPL and Bob supporting Peg’s explorations & sometimes instructing. P61A Playing with Scurry, 27mb P61B1 Reading w/GPL, 22mb P61B2 Seizing Letters, 10mb P61B3 Back to Reading, 24mb P61C1 …

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Peggy Study, Panel P059 Themes: Putting-On Activities, Books with Bob, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 3/12/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show object oriented activities, primarily; also increasing verbal communication. P59A1 Blocks & Tables, 22mb P59A2 Blocks & Tables, 23mb P59A3 Blocks & Tables, 9mb P59B1 Her Books with Bob, 21mb P59B2 Her Books with …

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Peggy Study, Panel P058 Themes: Playing with Scurry & Miriam, Reading with GPL, Standard Objects with GPL and with Bob Source: (Lawler); date:3/6/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show her playmates and document ongoing development; Why important ?? P58A Playing With Scurry (the dog), 24mb P58B Talking with Bob, 27mb P58C Reading, with GPL, 20mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P057 Themes: Interactions with Mom, Playing with Objects, Weapon/Tool Use Source: (Lawler); date: 2/27/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show Object Concept and Language Development in social context; central focus of study P57A1 GPL Feeding Peggy, 13mb P57A2 Alone in her High Chair, 8mb P57A3 GPL returns, 18mb P57B Reading w/GPL, 25mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P056 Themes: Naming objects and people in pictures, Object Knoweldge, Language use Source: (Lawler); date: 2/20/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips focus on object knowledge development and language; Why important ?? P56A Naming, Pictures with GPL, 25mb P56B Blocks with GPL, 23mb P56C1 Blocks with Bob, 12mb P56C2 Blocks with Bob, 25mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P055 Themes: Object play, Her usual toys, Parental Interactions Source: (Lawler); date: 2/12/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show Object play and parental interaction; Why important ? P55A1 Blocks and Table, 15mb P55A2 Blocks and Table, with Bob, 21mb P55B1 Toys with GPL, 19mb P55B2 Toys with GPL, 22mb P55C1 Standard Objects …

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Peggy Study, Panel P054 Themes: Pictures, Giving Letters, Standard Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 2/5/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show reaction to pictures, use of letters and play with objects; this session half usual length. P54A Picture Gallery, 17mb P54B1 Talk & Pictures, 20mb P54B2 Giving Letters, 17mb P54C Standard Objects, 23mb


Peggy Study, Panel P052 Themes: Family interactions, Language Pre-cursors, Object Concept development Source: (Lawler); date: 1/23/1979 Title: Peggy’s First Birthday Text commentary: These clips show Peggy’s family interactions; this is essential for understanding language development P52A1 Pretty Peggy-O, 10mb P52A2 Playing with Miriam, 29mb P52A3 Reading with Miriam, 15mb P52B1 Playing with Robby, 8.5mb P52B2 …

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Peggy Study, Panel P051 Themes: Reading Interactions, Everyday Activities, Object Development Source: (Lawler); date: 1/15/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show developmental state approaching one year; with many examples of vocal, pre-verbal communication P51A1 Reading w/GPL, 33mb P51A2 Reading w/Miriam, 18mb P51A3 Reading w/Robby, 10mb P51B Putting-in a Cup Lid, HC, 24mb P51C Over the …

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Peggy Study, Panel P048 Themes: New Toys, Object Exploration, Books as Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 12/25/1978 Title: Text commentary: These clips show Peggy largely on her own, interacting with new things. P48A1 Christmas Toys, 26mb P48A2 Christmas Toys, 19mb P48A3 Christmas Toys, 10mb P48B with Toy Dog, 11mb P48C Book, then back to Toys, 11mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P047 Themes: Communication, Object Exploration, Physical Development (walking with an aid) Source: (Lawler); date: 12/17/1978 Title: Text commentary: These clips focus on communication and object exploration P47A Requesting things, 8mb P47B1 Naming, with GPL, 19mb P47B2 Naming, with GPL, 21mb P47C Everyday Objects, 25mb P47D1 Standard Objects, 7mb P47D2 Response to “No!”, …

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Peggy Study, Panel P046 Themes: Social Interactions, Object Exploration, Physical Development Source: (Lawler); date: Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P46A1 Box with Blocks, 11mb P46A2 Box with Blocks, 24mb P46B Playing Ball with Miriam, 6mb P46C Walking with a Table, 10mb P46D1 Nesting Boxes, 17mb P46D2 Nesting Boxes, 14mb P46E1 …

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Peggy Study, Panel P043 Themes: Communication, Object Play, Family Interactions Source: (Lawler); date: 11/19/1978 Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P43A1 Box & Blocks, with Miriam, 16mb P43A2 Box & Blocks, with Miriam, 19mb P43B Talk & Pipe-play, with Bob, 19mb P43C Body Part Names & walking, with GPL, 24mb P43D …

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Infant Peggy Study, Panel P078 Themes: Objects & Interactions, Communication, Sibling Interactions Source: (Lawler); date: 7/23/79 Title Peggy at a Year and a Half Text commentary: what this video shows; why it is important P78A Balls & Cylinders, 25mb P78B Reading, with Bob, 31mb P78C Wooden Nickels, with Miriam, 39mb P78D Standard Objects, 49mb


Peggy Study, Panel P064 Themes: Playing with Pet, Toys, and Siblings, Object Insertion, Language Development Source: (Lawler); date: 4/15/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show Sibling Instruction and play; neither can be neglected. P64A Pre-drawing, 21mb P64B Playing with Scurry, 10mb P64C1 Toys with Miriam, 12mb P64C2 Toys with Rob, 16mb P64C3 Playing with Rob, …

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Peggy Study, Panel P45 Themes: Communication, Object Exploration, Family Intereactions Source: (Lawler); date: 12/2/1978 Title: Text commentary: These clips show pre-verbal communication, early object exploration, and family interactions. P45A Communication, 13mb P45B In the Walker, with Robby, 16mb P45C1 Nesting Boxes & Blocks, 17mb P45C2 Nesting Boxes & Blocks, 21mb P45D Box with Blocks, 29mb …

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Peggy Study, Panel P065 Themes: Making Marks on Paper, Reading to Peggy, Physical Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 4/23/79 Title Peggy Starts Quarter 6 Text commentary: These clips show Peggy’s interest in bouncing and rolling objects; books are objects around which social interactions take place; artifacts for enculturation. P65A Markings on Paper, 25mb P65B1 Books with …

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Infant Peggy Study, Panel P053 Themes: “Reading to Peggy”, Aided Walking, Object Play Source: (Lawler); date: 1/29/1979 Title Peggy at One Year Text commentary: These clips show physical development, and engagement with family and with symbol systems P53A with GPL reading, 32mb P53B1 New Blocks, 8.4mb P53B2 Aided Walking 12.4mb P53C1 Standing & Magnetic Letters, …

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Peggy Study, Panel P50 Themes: Pointing and Talking, Object Knowledge, Book related behavior Source: (Lawler); date: 1/8/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P50A In the High Chair, 29mb P50B Pointing & Talking, 22mb P50C1 Blocks and Boxes, 10mb P50C2 Peggy in the TV, 6mb P50D1 Standard Objects, 16mb P50D2 Standard …

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Peggy Study, Panel P49 Themes: Communication & Pointing, Object Exploration, Family Interactions Source: (Lawler); date: 1/1/1979 Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P49A1 Body Parts w/GPL, 8mb P49A2 Pointing w/GPL, 11mb P49A3 Body Parts w/GPL, 4mb P49B1 Pointing with Miriam, 10mb P49B2 Enter Scurry (the dog), 10mb P49C In the Walker,with …

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Peggy Study, Panel P044 Themes: Pointing/Communication, Object Exploration Source: (Lawler); date: 11/27/1978 Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P44A1 Pointing, 21mb P44A2 Pointing, 24mb P44B Ball and Ring Tower, 29mb P44C1 Cups and Blocks, 18mb P44C2 Cups and Blocks, 20mb P44D Nesting Boxes, 20mb


Peggy Study, Video P042 Themes: Language Development, pre-Pointing, Object Exploration Source: (Lawler); date: 11/13/1978 Title Text commentary: what this video shows; why it is important P42A1 pre-Conversation, 19mb P42A2 pre-Conversation, 20mb P42B Choice and Pointing, 15mb P42C1 Blocks Box, 16mb P42C2 Blocks Box, 19mb P42D Giving a Ball, with GPL, 15mb P42E1 Standard Objects, 19mb …

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Peggy Study, Video P041 Themes: Social Interactions & Communication, Object Exploration, Physical Development Source: (Lawler); date: 11/7/1978 Title Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P41A Giving with Miriam, 26mb P41B1 Clap on Request, with GPL, 7mb P41B2 Pointing & Choice, with GPL, 6mb P41B3 Permanent Objects, 9mb P41C1 In Her Walker, with …

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Peggy Study, Panel P040 Themes: Social Interactions, Communications, and Object Interaction Source: (Lawler); date: 10/31/1978 Title: Pre-Language Communication and Object Understanding Text commentary: GPL feeds Peggy in her usual fashion, then urges Peggy to choose between two objects. Peggy does NOT understand what is expected of her but vaguely suggests some preference for the doll …

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Peggy Study, Panel P036 Themes: Communication, Object Exploration, Social Interactions Source: (Lawler); date: 10/2/1978 Title: Text commentary: These clips show ??; Why important ?? P36A Ring Tower, 14mb P36B1 Box with Blocks, 19mb P36B2 Box with Blocks, 21mb P36B3 Box with Blocks, 14mb P36C Indicating Choice, 22mb P36D1 Sets of Objects, 23mb P36D2 Sets of …

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Peggy Study, Panel P035 Themes: Early Language Interactions, Object Exploration, a Typical Feeding SItuation Source: (Lawler); date: 9/24/1978 Title: Text commentary: These early clips show Peggy can be engaged in vocal communication; they help define a baseline for language development. The early play with objects on the floor has and has had the same purpose. …

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Peggy Study, Video P030 Themes: Object Knowledge, pre-Language Communication Source: (Lawler); date: 8/20/1978 Title: Text commentary: This panel is an attempt to use directly for this archive material edited earlier. The quality of the clips may be inadequate. This failing will be remedied eventually by returning to earlier sources and reproducing this clips with better …

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P018 Day 127 Session 001 Peggy Study, Panel P018 Themes: Introductions, Typical Behavior, Familiar Objects Source: (Lawler); date: 5/29/78 Title Text commentary: these clips introduce the cast of characters; this is the first video in the Infant Peggy Study P018 Pop Goes the Weasel, 5mb P018A2 Tickling, with GPL 25mb P18B1 enter Scurry 9mb P18B2 …

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3V1780.01 Peggy Paris 10 (12/6/82) Three segments, first reading “Hop on Pop”; second on left and right; third on using phrases with CITY micro-world. Lack of translation from text to speech & vice versa is deep: no 1-1 correspondence at verbal level; lack of letter-sound correspondence; left-right distinction is firm (now with the sign correct) …

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3V1058.01 Counting objects: near standard sequence with omissions (12/13/80) Miriam and Peggy went to visit Mrs. Smith. She keeps toys in her house for children she takes care of. Peggy selected a ring pyramid and Miriam (as she later tells the story) inverted the rings. Peggy began re-stacking the ring and spontaneously reciting number names: …

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3V1046.01 Jumping jacks: analogy (12/3/80) Playing with the fire tongs, Peggy held them vertical and opened and closed them a bit, bouncing them off the floor. “Tweezers [tongs] are doing ‘jumping jacks’.” Comment in passing: “I think bears piss in the woods.” Noted by one of the children: Peggy at her toy telephone: “Doctor, come …

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3V0785.02 Girl go in moto-cycle (3/17/80) This refers to the Fisher Price doll in a motor cycle.)


3V0785.01 New toys (3/17/80) Peggy discovered the rest of the set of stacking cups, neatly stacked. She carefully separated then, setting them down in an irregular row. Then she put them back into a stack, apparently in random order so that some nested and others did not. She repeated the taking apart and re-stacking. The …

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3V0724.01 [no…no…no] accompanies failure of trial fitting shapes into holes of box. (1/16/80) Playing with her shapes box, Peggy held a shape in her hand and matched it with the holes on one side of the box. ‘No…no…no.’ She turned to another side. ‘No…no…no.’ Then she turned to the correct hole and immediately fitted the …

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3V0720.03 First time Peggy opens shape-fitting toy box. (1/12/80) For the first time, Peggy opened her shape-fitting toy box. On later days, she has delighted in dumping out the pieces and fitting them back in through the holes.


3V0699.01 Peggy’s first arch. (12/22/79) During many experiments, Peggy has played with the blocks shown in this picture, has even been shown an arch (in P??) — but she exhibited little interest in the blocks except as objects to pile and kick over. At the end of P99, Peggy took these blocks and piled them …

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3V0683.02 Kicking and hurt feelings. (12/6/79 and earlier) Peggy’s control over her supports, her legs, has been of apparent and considerable interest to her, I recall her joy at being able to jump with both feet when first she could and, most recently (12/20 ff.), her tapping with one foot to music while standing [this …

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3V0670.01 UP & DOWN: symmetrical relations; very IMPORTANT DATA on word-thing relations: she relates words and their structures of meaning through reversibility as actions. (11/23/79) Peggy wandered into the living room today with her “Bear Hug” in hand. She held it high “Up” and put it on the ground “Down.” She repeated this exercise several …

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3V0586.01 [me]: clear and specific example of use. 8/31/79 “Me” Coming to me at bedtime to be picked up, after a hug and my turning her back to Gretchen, Peggy pointed perpendicularly at the porch and made an exclamation of surprise. I could see nothing but furniture on the porch and asked “What do you …

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3V0568.01 A Verbal Confusion: 08/13/79; During the videotape session P81, Robby read THE POKY LITTLE PUPPY to Peggy. At that time, or later in the evening, Peggy pointed to a picture of a lizard (on the page with no other animals). “Lizard,” I said. Peggy imitated my naming by saying /***/, possibly /***/. (This heard …

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3V0556.01 Toothbrush: 08/01/79; Playing on my bed, looking at the older children’s pictures, Peggy saw my ‘traveling’ toothbrush on the adjacent dresser top. “Have that, have that” was her cry and I did not stop her from taking it. Peggy picked up the toothbrush by the handle, examined the bristles, then tentatively opened her mouth …

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3V0527.01 Spontaneous naming [shoe] (2 different examples) (7/3/79) This morning before breakfast Peggy was playing in our room. She picked up one of Bob’s moccasins and said, “Shoe.” Shortly thereafter she picked up one of his deck shoes and repeated, “Shoe.” Gretchen.


3V0516.02 Concrete pipe: putting in (6/22/79) Peggy often rides with Miriam and me down to the Cox school to pick up Robby after soccer practice. Beside the soccer field is a play area for the older children.. One object is an 8 foot long concrete pipe of 4 foot diameter. Peggy was obvious(ly) fascinated by …

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